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Int J Cancer. 1999 Nov 26;83(5):610-4.

High frequency of deletion on chromosome 9p21 may harbor several tumor-suppressor genes in human prostate cancer.

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Department of Urology, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.


Chromosome 9p has been reported to be a critical region of loss in various cancers. Our present study was designed to determine the frequency of deletions at different loci of chromosome 9p in microdissected samples of normal prostatic epithelium and carcinoma from the same patients. For this purpose, DNA was extracted from the microdissected sections of normal and tumor cells of 40 prostate specimens, amplified by PCR and analyzed for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on chromosome 9p using 15 microsatellite markers. Only 6 of 15 microsatellite markers exhibited LOH in prostate cancer specimens (D9S162, D9S1748, D9S171, D9S270, D9S273 and D9S153). LOH on chromosome 9p was identified in 29 of 40 cases (72.5%) with at least 1 marker. The main deletion was found on 9p21, at loci D9S1748 (50%), D9S171 (51.4%) and D9S270 (21.8%). There was also a deletion on 9p22 at locus D9S162 (8.3%), on 9p13 at locus D9S273 (13.8%) and on 9p11 at locus D9S153 (7.7%). LOH data were correlated with stage of prostate cancer and revealed a high frequency of LOH at 3 or more loci in samples with stage T(3)N(0)M(0) (46%) compared with stage T(2)N(0)M(0) (15%), which suggests a higher incidence of LOH in the advanced stage of prostate cancer. One of the candidate target tumor-suppressor genes, p16 (MTS-1/CDKN2), has been identified within the 9p21 deleted region in tumor cell lines. Expression of P16 protein was either absent or very low in prostate cancer samples, suggesting that loss of the p16 gene may be involved in prostatic carcinogenesis.

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