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Int J Cancer. 1999 Nov 26;83(5):579-84.

Comparative tyrosine-kinase profiles in colorectal cancers: enhanced arg expression in carcinoma as compared with adenoma and normal mucosa.

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1
Division of Colorectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Abstract

There is strong evidence that tyrosine kinases are involved in the regulation of cellular growth and tumor progression. Over-expressions of tyrosine kinases have been documented in a number of neoplasms. To study the roles of tyrosine kinases in colon cancer, we developed a tyrosine-kinase-expression profile for each of the four different stages of colon carcinogenesis, using normal colon mucosa, adenomatous polyps, primary carcinoma and hepatic metastases collected from the same patient. We identified 30 tyrosine kinases expressed in these tissues: they include 10 non-receptor tyrosine kinases (yes, fyn, lyn, brk, abl, arg, jak1, jak3, tyk2 and itk), 17 receptor tyrosine kinases (erbB2, PDGF-Ralpha, PDGF-Rbeta, kit, c-fms, met, ron, FGF-R1, FGF-R2, FGF-R3, FGF-R4, cek5, tie-1, tkt, axl, sky and Ins-R), 2 dual kinases (mek and sek) and one possible novel kinase. Among these kinases, arg kinase appears to be expressed at a higher level in primary carcinoma and metastatic tumor than in adjacent normal mucosa or adenomatous polyp. This result was confirmed by extensive analysis of 50 additional matched sets of normal colon and colon-tumor specimens, using arg-specific primers and RT-PCR reactions. This study identifies a possible role for arg tyrosine kinase in colon carcinogenesis, especially in the transition from adenoma to carcinoma.

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