Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochim Biophys Acta. 1999 Sep 22;1440(2-3):266-74.

Analogues and homologues of N-palmitoylethanolamide, a putative endogenous CB(2) cannabinoid, as potential ligands for the cannabinoid receptors.

Author information

  • 1Unité de Chimie Pharmaceutique et de Radiopharmacie, Département des Sciences pharmaceutiques, Université catholique de Louvain, UCL 7340, Avenue Mounier 73, B-1200, Brussels, Belgium. lambert@ucl.cmfa.ac.be

Abstract

The presence of CB(2) receptors was reported in the rat basophilic cell line RBL-2H3 and N-palmitoylethanolamide was proposed as an endogenous, potent agonist of this receptor. We synthesized a series of 10 N-palmitoylethanolamide homologues and analogues, varying by the elongation of the fatty acid chain from caproyl to stearoyl and by the nature of the amide substituent, respectively, and evaluated the affinity of these compounds to cannabinoid receptors in the rat spleen, RBL-2H3 cells and CHO-CB(1) and CHO-CB(2) receptor-transfected cells. In rat spleen slices, CB(2) receptors were the predominant form of the cannabinoid receptors. No binding of [(3)H]SR141716A was observed. [(3)H]CP-55,940 binding was displaced by WIN 55,212-2 and anandamide. No displacement of [(3)H]CP-55,940 or [(3)H]WIN 55,212-2 by palmitoylethanolamide derivatives was observed in rat spleen slices. In RBL-2H3 cells, no binding of [(3)H]CP-55,940 or [(3)H]WIN 55,212-2 could be observed and conversely, no inhibitory activity of N-palmitoylethanolamide derivatives and analogues was measurable. These compounds do not recognize the human CB(1) and CB(2) receptors expressed in CHO cells. In conclusion, N-palmitoylethanolamide was, in our preparations, a weak ligand while its synthesized homologues or analogues were essentially inactive. Therefore, it seems unlikely that N-palmitoylethanolamide is an endogenous agonist of the CB(2) receptors but it may be a compound with potential therapeutic applications since it may act via other mechanisms than cannabinoid CB(1)-CB(2) receptor interactions.

PMID:
10521710
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center