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Clin Exp Allergy. 1999 Oct;29(10):1356-66.

Long-term effects of corticosteroid nasal spray on nasal inflammatory cells in patients with perennial allergic rhinitis.

Author information

1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The effect of long-term topical nasal corticosteroid therapy on nasal inflammatory cells is unclear.

OBJECTIVES:

To investigate the long-term effect of fluticasone propionate aqueous nasal spray (FPANS) on nasal mucosal inflammatory cells and efficacy in a 1-year study in patients with perennial allergic rhinitis.

METHODS:

In a 1-year, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of duration we investigated the influence of a topical corticosteroid (FPANS), on Langerhans' cells (CD1a+ cells), T cells, mast cells, eosinophils and macrophages in nasal mucosa in 42 patients with perennial allergic rhinitis. Efficacy was evaluated by nasal symptom score.

RESULTS:

The FPANS group experienced significantly less sneezing and nasal itching compared with the placebo group. The total symptom score in the FPANS group declined significantly in comparison with baseline (P = 0.007) and placebo group (P = 0.009). After 1 year of active treatment, a significant decrease was seen in the epithelium in numbers of Langerhans' cells, CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ cells, mast cells and eosinophils. In the lamina propria, there was a significant decrease in eosinophils.

CONCLUSION:

These findings show that FPANS treatment results in a decrease of nasal inflammatory cells. Furthermore, the efficacy of FPANS improves after prolonged treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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