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J Chromatogr A. 1999 Sep 10;855(2):411-21.

Application and comparison of derivatized cellulose and amylose chiral stationary phases for the separation of enantiomers of pharmaceutical compounds by high-performance liquid chromatography.

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Analytical Research Department, Merck Research Laboratories, Rahway, NJ 07065-0900, USA.


The direct high-performance liquid chromatographic separation of three pairs of structurally related enantiomers on derivatized cellulose and amylose chiral stationary phases (Chiralcel OD, Chiralpak AD and Chiralpak AS) was studied using hexane as the mobile phase with 2-propanol or ethanol as modifiers. The separation, retention and elution order of the enantiomers on the different columns using different alcohol modifiers were compared. The effect of structural variation of the solutes on their k' was noted. A reversal of elution order of one enantiomeric pair upon changing the mobile-phase modifier was observed. Chiralcel OD and Chiralpak AD columns provided different elution orders of the enantiomers, including a fourth pair of enantiomers that were not structurally related to the other three pairs.

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