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Neurol Clin. 1999 Nov;17(4):761-81.

Fungal infections of the central nervous system.

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Neurology Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87108, USA.


This review discusses a practical approach to the patient with possible fungal infection of the central nervous system (CNS). Difficulties in establishing the diagnosis come from the nonspecific clinical syndromes (subacute meningitis, meningoencephalitis, and brain abscess) and the low isolation rate of fungi from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Helpful diagnostic clues often come from knowledge of the patient's geographic travels, risk factors, evidence of systemic organ infection, and fungal serologic tests. Standard and new antifungal agents are evaluated and the initial and suppressive drug management of the common fungal infections is presented.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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