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Free Radic Res. 1999 Oct;31(4):351-5.

Oxidative stress-inducible proteins in macrophages.

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Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.


Macrophages produce reactive oxygen species such as O2-, H2O2 and *OH that contribute to the pathogenesis of diseases such as inflammation and atherosclerosis. The cells have multiple defense systems against those reactive oxygen species, and we describe here such an oxidative stress-inducible defense system. Upon exposure to reactive oxygen species and electrophilic agents, murine peritoneal macrophages induce stress proteins to protect themselves. Using differential screening, we cloned two novel proteins designated MSP23 and A170 that are induced in the cells by low levels of reactive oxygen species, electrophilic agents and other oxidative stress agents. MSP23 is murine peroxiredoxin I having a thioredoxin peroxidase activity and A170 is known as an ubiquitin- and PKC xi-binding protein. In addition to these two proteins, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and cystine transport activity are also induced in the cells under oxidative stress conditions. Using nrf2-deficient macrophages, we found that transcription factor Nrf2, which is known to interact with antioxidant responsive elements (AREs) in the regulatory sequences of the genes, plays an important role in the oxidative stress-inducible response in the cells.

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