Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Bone Marrow Transplant. 1999 Oct;24(7):715-22.

Mobilisation of peripheral blood stem cells with IVE and G-CSF improves CD34+ cell yields and engraftment in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphomas and Hodgkin's disease.

Author information

1
Department of Haematology, Nottingham City Hospital, Nottingham, UK.

Abstract

The transplantation of mobilised peripheral blood stem cells is associated with more rapid engraftment than marrow transplantation. We have previously reported that G-IVE (G-CSF, ifosphamide, VP-16, epirubicin) improves the yield of CD34+ cells mobilised in patients with lymphoproliferative disorders compared with cyclophosphamide 3 g/m2 and G-CSF (G/CYCLO). In this study we have extended these observations to a larger series of patients including different lymphoma subtypes. Ninety-seven patients undergoing stem cell mobilisation were studied. Forty-two patients with lymphoproliferative disorders received G-IVE for mobilisation and 55 patients G/CYCLO. The median number of mobilised CD34+cells per leucapheresis was significantly higher for those patients receiving G-IVE: 5.82 x 106/kg (0.19-36) compared with 1.2 x 106/kg (0.04-17), P < 0.001 which resulted in a significantly reduced number of leucapheresis procedures performed in the G-IVE group. When patients were analysed dependent on underlying disease G-IVE mobilised significantly more CD34+cells per leucapheresis for all lymphoma types reaching 8.41 x 10(6)/kg (0.2-32) compared to 1.32 x 10(6)/kg (0. 06-17) for patients with high-grade NHL mobilised with G-IVE and C-GCSF respectively (P = 0.012). For patients with low-grade NHL 3. 12 x 10(6)/kg (0.10-24.39) compared to 1.08 x 10(6)/kg (0.04-9.74) were collected (P = 0.04) and for patients with Hodgkin's disease 3.02 x 10(6)/kg (1.48-36) and 1.04 x 10(6)/kg (0.1-12.3) (P = 0.001). Mobilisation with G-IVE resulted in the achievement of clinically significant CD34+ cell thresholds in a significantly higher proportion of patients compared to cyclophosphamide and G-CSF reaching >2.5 x 10(6)/kg CD34+ cells in 88% vs 62% (P = 0.004), >5 x 10(6)/kg in 67% vs18% (P = 0.001) and >10 x 10(6)/kg in 31% vs 14.5% (P = 0.05). Furthermore, an analysis of engraftment demonstrated that there was a significant reduction in the time to achieve platelet counts of >20 and >50 x 10(9)/l in patients receiving each incremental dose of CD34+ cells. We conclude that G-IVE mobilizes significantly more CD34+cells than G/CYCLO in patients with lymphoproliferative disorders. This effect is consistent in patients with high-grade NHL, low-grade NHL and HD and results in fewer failed stem collections and increased CD34+ cells available for transplantation which results in significantly accelerated platelet engraftment post transplant.

PMID:
10516673
DOI:
10.1038/sj.bmt.1701985
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center