Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Physiol. 1999 Oct;277(4 Pt 1):G885-95.

Delayed rectifier and Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) currents in human esophagus: roles in regulating muscle contraction.

Author information

  • 1Department of Physiology, The University of Western Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

We have examined K(+) channels and their function in human esophageal smooth muscle using perforated patch recording, RT-PCR to identify channel mRNA, and muscle contraction to study the effects of channel blockers. Depolarization revealed at least two types of currents: a 4-aminopyridine (4-AP)-sensitive transient delayed rectifier K(+) (K(V)) and a Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) (K(Ca)) current. K(Ca) current was active at positive potentials and was blocked by tetraethylammonium (TEA), iberiotoxin, and charybdotoxin but was insensitive to 4-AP. The mRNA encoding the gene products of Kv1.2 and Kv1.5 was identified in muscle and dissociated cells, consistent with these channel types contributing to K(V) current. 4-AP increased resting tension of muscle strips, suggesting a role for K(V) in setting the membrane potential. TEA, but not 4-AP, augmented the amplitude and duration of electrically evoked contraction, effects that were abolished by nifedipine. Here we provide the first description of macroscopic K(+) currents in human esophagus. K(V) channels participate in regulation of resting tension, whereas the K(Ca) channel limits depolarization and contraction during excitation.

PMID:
10516156
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center