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J Virol. 1999 Nov;73(11):9515-20.

Effects of targeting herpes simplex virus type 1 gD to the endoplasmic reticulum and trans-Golgi network.

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  • 1Division of Virology, Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1QP, United Kingdom.


Glycoprotein D (gD) of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) was modified to encode targeting signals known to localize proteins to either the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) or the trans-Golgi network. These motifs conferred the predicted targeting properties on gD in transfected cells as judged by immunofluorescence staining, and the exclusion of targeted gD from the cell surface was confirmed by the fact that these molecules exhibited substantially reduced activity in cell-cell fusion assays. Recombinant viruses expressing Golgi-targeted forms of gD grew to wild-type levels in noncomplementing cells, exhibited unaltered particle/infectivity ratios, and were found to contain wild-type levels of gD, whereas a recombinant expressing ER-retained gD was helper cell dependent and, when grown on noncomplementing cells, produced virions of low specific infectivity with greatly reduced levels of gD. These data imply that HSV-1 acquires its final membrane from a post-ER compartment and lend support to the view that the virus undergoes de-envelopment and reenvelopment steps during virus egress.

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