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Blood. 1999 Oct 15;94(8):2871-9.

Involvement of interleukin-10 (IL-10) and viral IL-6 in the spontaneous growth of Kaposi's sarcoma herpesvirus-associated infected primary effusion lymphoma cells.

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Division of Hematologic Products, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.


Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a distinct type of lymphoma associated with Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) infection. To determine the factors responsible for the unrestrained proliferation of PEL, we have studied the growth factor requirements of the PEL-derived BCBL-1 and BC-1 cell lines. Both cell lines were found to be autocrine growth factor dependent and to release human interleukin-6 (IL-6), viral IL-6 (vIL-6), and human IL-10 in the culture supernatant. To establish whether these cytokines contribute to autocrine growth, neutralizing antibodies against human IL-6, vIL-6, human IL-10, and soluble IL-10 receptor were used. These experiments showed that human IL-10 and, to a lesser degree, vIL-6 serve as autocrine growth factors for BCBL-1 and BC-1 cells. Thus, human IL-10 and vIL-6 are growth factors released and used by PEL cells for autonomous proliferation and may be critical to the development and progression of PEL.

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