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J Infect Dis. 1999 Nov;180(5):1731-4.

Down-regulation of Th1 type of response in early human American cutaneous leishmaniasis.

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Servi├žo de Imunologia do Hospital Universit├írio Professor Edgard Santos, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador-Bahia, Brazil.


This study examined the T cell responses in the early phase of Leishmania braziliensis infection. Cytokine profiles, lymphoproliferative responses, and skin test results in 25 patients with early cutaneous leishmaniasis (ECL; illness duration <60 days) were compared with those in persons with late cutaneous leishmaniasis (LCL; illness duration >2 months). Absent or low lymphoproliferative responses were observed in 8 (32%) of 25 patients and an absence of interferon (IFN)-gamma production in 9 (41%) of 22 patients prior to therapy. IFN-gamma production in ECL (mean +/- SD) was lower than in LCL (293+/-346 vs. 747+/-377 pg/mL, respectively; P<.01). In contrast, interleukin (IL)-10 production in ECL (mean +/- SD) was higher than in LCL (246+/-56 vs. 50+/-41 pg/mL, respectively; P<.01). Restoration of lymphoproliferative responses and IFN-gamma production was achieved when monoclonal antibody to IL-10 or IL-12 was added to the cultures. These results show that T cell responses during early-phase infection are down-regulated by IL-10 and may facilitate parasite multiplication.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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