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Phytochemistry. 1999 Sep;52(2):239-46.

Purification and characterization of a protein phosphatase from winged bean.

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Biochemical Engineering Division, Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Calcutta, India.


A protein phosphatase (WbPP) has been purified from the soluble fraction of the winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus) shoot extract. The preparation is essentially homogenous as shown by the constant specific activity of the enzyme across the peak fractions, eluted from the thiophosphorylated histone-Sepharose affinity column, the last step of purification and by single protein bands on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) in the presence as well as absence of denaturating agents. The monomeric nature of WbPP is revealed by an M(r) of 92,000 and 85,000, respectively, as estimated by SDS-PAGE and gel permeation chromatography under non-denaturating conditions. Autophosphorylated calmodulin-like domain protein kinase (P-WbCDPKI) [Saha, P., & Singh, M. (1995). Biochem. J., 305, 205] and phosphohistone H1 (P-hisH1), prepared by using the other homologous CDPK, i.e. WbCDPKII [Ganguly, S., & Singh, M. (1998). Phytochemistry, 48(1), 61], are good substrates of the purified enzyme, while P-hisH1 and phosphocasein prepared by using heterologous cAMP-dependent protein kinase, are respectively very poor and totally inactive as substrate. WbPP is adjudged to be a protein phosphoserine phosphatase since phosphoserine is the only phosphorylated amino acid residue detected in our earlier analysis of P-WbCDPKI and P-hisH1. The enzyme is strongly stimulated by a combination of Mg2+ and Ca2+, without being dependent on either of them and is also unaffected by calmodulin and fluphenazine. Orthovanadate strongly inhibits the enzyme while okadaic acid is a poor inhibitor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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