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J Pediatr Orthop B. 1999 Oct;8(4):302-5.

Epidemiologic, bacteriologic, and long-term follow-up data of children with acute hematogenous osteomyelitis and septic arthritis: a ten-year review.

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Department of Pediatrics, Glostrup Hospital, Denmark.


A total of 69 children with acute hematogenous osteomyelitis and 48 with septic arthritis admitted in the period 1978 through 1987 were included in a retrospective review. Epidemiologic and bacteriologic data were analyzed and compared with those of an earlier study (1965 through 1975), confined to the same geographic area. Long-term outcome was evaluated by a questionnaire and clinical and radiographic follow-up. A significant increase in the admission rate for both disorders was observed. The long-term outcome was favorable: major sequelae were found in three patients (3%), minor sequelae in two patients (2%). The benign long-term outcome may well be related to rapid hospital admission and appropriate long-lasting antibiotic treatment.

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