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Seizure. 1999 Sep;8(6):343-6.

A comparison of post-ictal headache between patients with occipital lobe epilepsy and temporal lobe epilepsy.

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Tenshi Hospital, Sapporo, Japan.


We investigated post-ictal headaches (PIH) using a questionnaire to ascertain their characteristics and compare them among different types of epilepsy. The subjects consisted of 34 patients with occipital lobe epilepsy (OLE) and 75 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). PIH occurred in 62% of OLE and 23% of TLE (P < 0.05). The quality of pain in PIH was 'steady' in 71% of OLE and 29% of TLE (P < 0.05) as opposed to 'pounding'. Other factors, such as frequency, severity, duration, and accompanying symptoms showed no significant differences. We found very few patients with migraine-like headaches. Analyses of clinical factors, such as age at onset, duration of epilepsy, seizure frequency, family history of headache, and interictal headache did not reveal any relationship to PIH, although generalized tonic-clonic seizures are associated with PIH in TLE (P < 0.05). These results suggest that the nature of PIH may be different between OLE and TLE, and that the region of epileptic focus or spreading area of epileptic discharge may have a close relation to the induction of PIH. An association with migraine, which has been reported previously, was unclear in our study.

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