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Regul Pept. 1999 Sep 15;83(2-3):123-7.

Prohormone convertase-1 is essential for conversion of chromogranin A to pancreastatin.

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Department of Surgery, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston 77555-0725, USA.


The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the endoprotease, prohormone convertase-1 (PC-1), is involved in the processing of the precursor protein chromogranin A (CGA) to a smaller peptide called pancreastatin (PST). A human pancreatic carcinoid cell line (BON) that expresses PC-1, CGA and PST was stably transfected with antisense PC-1 mRNA. BON cells expressing antisense PC-1 mRNA showed nearly complete abolishment of PC-1 protein (approximately 95% reduction) and an 80% reduction in cell content of PST immunoreactivity (PST-IR) as assessed by high-performance liquid chromatography in combination with measurement of PST-IR. These findings indicate that PC-1 is essential for processing CGA to PST.

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