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J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1999 Oct;34(4):567-74.

Reactive oxygen species: role in the relaxation induced by bradykinin or arachidonic acid via EDHF in isolated porcine coronary arteries.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Heart and Vascular Institute, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan 48202, USA.


Although endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) is thought to be a cytochrome P-450 product (arachidonic acid metabolite) in some tissues, in porcine coronary arteries (PCAs) its nature remains unclear. Because phospholipase A2 and C are involved in the synthesis and/or release of EDHF in the PCA, the arachidonic acid (AA) pathway may be involved. In the presence of the cyclooxygenase inhibitor indomethacin (10(-5) M) and the NOS inhibitor Nomega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME; 10(-4) M), both bradykinin (BK; 10(-9)-10(-6) M) and AA (10(-7)-10(-4) M) induced dose-dependent relaxation of PGF2alpha-contracted PCA rings, which was blocked by a high extracellular concentration of KCl (30 mM) or pretreatment with ouabain, a Na+/K+-adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) inhibitor (5 x 10(-7) M). Eicosatetraynoic acid (ETYA; 20 microM), which inhibits all AA pathways, slightly affected the response to BK and AA; however, lipoxygenase or cytochrome P-450 inhibitors had no effect, suggesting that relaxation is independent of these enzymatic pathways. Because endothelial cells can generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) via metabolism of AA and independent of cyclooxygenase activity, we also studied (a) whether ROS can relax the PCA, as well as the mechanism(s) involved, and (b) the role of ROS in BK- and AA-induced relaxation. Xanthine (X; 100 microM) plus xanthine oxidase (XO; 0.02 U/ml) induced time-dependent relaxation of PGF2alpha-contracted PCA rings in the presence of indomethacin and L-NAME. Dilatation was not affected by superoxide dismutase (SOD; 500 U/ml) but was abolished by catalase (300 U/ml), suggesting that hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is involved. When rings were contracted by depolarizing them with 30 mM KCl, X/XO failed to elicit relaxation. Ouabain abolished the response to X/XO, suggesting that X/XO may induce relaxation by hyperpolarizing vascular smooth muscle cells via stimulation of the Na+/K+-ATPase pump. We therefore questioned whether ROS might be involved in BK- and AA-induced relaxation. Because catalase combined with SOD had little or no effect, we concluded that in the PCA, the relaxation induced by BK via EDHF involves some mechanism independent of NO, AA metabolism, or ROS.

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