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Br J Pharmacol. 1999 Sep;128(2):428-34.

Resiniferatoxin-type phorboid vanilloids display capsaicin-like selectivity at native vanilloid receptors on rat DRG neurons and at the cloned vanilloid receptor VR1.

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National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.


1 Although the cloned rat vanilloid receptor VR1 appears to account for both receptor binding and calcium uptake, the identification of vanilloids selective for one or the other response is of importance because these ligands may induce distinct patterns of biological activities. 2 Phorbol 12,13-didecanoate 20-homovanillate (PDDHV) evoked 45Ca(2+)-uptake by rat dorsal root ganglion neurons (expressing native vanilloid receptors) in culture with an EC50 of 70 nM but inhibited [3H]-resiniferatoxin (RTX) binding to rat dorsal root ganglion membranes with a much lower potency (Ki>10,000 nM). This difference in potencies represents a more than 100 fold selectivity for capsaicin-type pharmacology. 3 45Ca2+ influx by PDDHV was fully inhibited by the competitive vanilloid receptor antagonist capsazepine, consistent with the calcium uptake occurring via vanilloid receptors. 4 PDDHV induced calcium mobilization in CHO cells transfected with the cloned rat vanilloid receptor VR1 with an EC50 of 125 nM and inhibited [3H]-RTX binding to these cells with an estimated Ki of 10,000 nM. By contrast, PDDHV failed to evoke a measurable calcium response in non-transfected CHO cells, confirming its action through VR1. 5 We conclude that PDDHV is two orders of magnitude more potent for inducing calcium uptake than for inhibiting RTX binding at vanilloid receptors, making this novel vanilloid a ligand selective for capsaicin-type pharmacology. These results emphasize the importance of monitoring multiple endpoints for evaluation of vanilloid receptor structure-activity relations. Furthermore, PDDHV now provides a tool to explore the biological correlates of capsaicin-type vanilloid pharmacology.

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