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J Immunol. 1999 Oct 15;163(8):4597-603.

CC chemokine receptor 5 cell-surface expression in relation to CC chemokine receptor 5 genotype and the clinical course of HIV-1 infection.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Viro-Immunology, Central Laboratory of the Red Cross Blood Transfusion Service, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


CCR5 cell-surface expression was studied in relation to CCR5 genotype and clinical course of HIV-1 infection. HIV-1 infected CCR5+/+ individuals had higher percentages of CCR5-expressing CD4+ T cells as compared with HIV-1-infected CCR532/+ individuals. For both genotypic groups, the percentages of CCR5-expressing cells were higher than for the uninfected counterparts (CCR5+/+, HIV+ 28% and HIV- 15% (p < 0.0001); CCR532/+, HIV+ 21% and HIV- 10% (p = 0.001), respectively). In HIV-1-infected individuals, high percentages of CCR5-expressing cells were associated with low CD4+ T cell numbers (p = 0.001), high viral RNA load in serum (p = 0.046), and low T cell function (p = 0.054). As compared with nonprogressors with similar CD4+ T cell numbers, individuals who did progress to AIDS had a higher percentage of CCR5-expressing CD4+ T cells (32% vs 21% (p = 0.002). Longitudinal analysis of CCR5+/+ individuals revealed slight, although not statistically significant, increases in CCR5-expressing CD4+ T cells and CD4+ T cell subsets characterized by the expression of CD45 isoforms, during the course of HIV-1 infection. Preseroconversion, the percentage of CCR5-expressing CD4+ T cells was higher in individuals who subsequently developed AIDS (28%) than in those who did not show disease progression within a similar time frame (20%; p = 0.059). Our data indicate that CCR5 expression increases with progression of disease, possibly as a consequence of continuous immune activation associated with HIV-1 infection. In turn, CCR5 expression may influence the clinical course of infection.

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