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Invest Radiol. 1999 Oct;34(10):629-35.

Embolization of superior mesenteric artery branches in dogs. Ischemic bowel changes depend on location of vessel occlusion and embolic materials.

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  • 1Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Korea.



To evaluate the degree of ischemic changes of the small intestine after arterial embolization of proximal or distal arteries with Gelfoam particles and coils in dogs.


Superselective arterial embolization in 18 dogs was performed using a coaxial catheter system. Gelfoam occlusion of the proximal level of ileal or jejunal arteries was performed in four dogs (group A). Gelfoam occlusion of the distal level was performed in four dogs (group B). Coil occlusion of the proximal level was performed in five dogs (group C). Coil occlusion of the distal level was performed in five dogs (group D). All 18 dogs were killed 1 day after the procedure. Gross and microscopic findings were evaluated.


The embolizations were successful in all dogs. In group B, significant mucosal destruction, lymphocyte proliferation of the submucosa and mucosa, and diffuse swelling in all layers of the intestine were found in all four dogs. Three revealed diffuse ischemic changes and one showed focal ischemic changes. In groups A and C, all the layers of the intestine were intact and did not show any ischemic changes. In group D, one dog showed erosion of a small portion of mucosa and lymphocytic infiltration. The other dogs showed nonspecific findings in all layers of the intestine.


Proximal embolization with Gelfoam and coils as well as distal embolization with coils did not cause ischemia. However, ischemic changes in the intestinal wall could be observed after distal embolization with Gelfoam.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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