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Eur J Immunol. 1999 Sep;29(9):2769-78.

Human peripheral blood contains two distinct lineages of dendritic cells.

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Antigen Presentation Research Group, Imperial College School of Medicine at St Mary's, Northwick Park Institute for Medical Research, Harrow, GB.


Human peripheral blood contains two populations of dendritic cells (DC) but their developmental relationship has not been established. Freshly isolated CD11c- DC possessed a lymphoid morphology, lacked myeloid markers but expressed lymphoid markers (CD4+ CD10+) whilst the CD11c+ DC were monocytoid in appearance and expressed myeloid markers. Although both populations were allostimulatory, only the CD11c+ DC were able to take up antigen. Irrespective of the culture conditions the CD11c- cells developed into CD11c- CD13- CD33- CD4+ CD1a- CD83+/- DC. In contrast, cultured CD11c+ cells developed the phenotype CD11c+ CD13+ CD33+/- CD4- CD1a+ CD83+ CD9+. Only the CD11c+ DC expressed macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) receptor and gave rise to CD14+, esterase+, phagocytic macrophages when cultured in M-CSF. These data suggest that these two populations of DC represent distinct lineages of antigen-presenting DC.

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