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Mol Hum Reprod. 1999 Oct;5(10):955-60.

Changes in expression of adenyl cyclase activity in human endometrium during hormone replacement therapy and ovarian stimulation.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.


We have investigated membrane fractions prepared from human endometrium for activity of the signalling adenyl cyclase (AC). We characterized the AC guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) and examined the changes in AC activity during evaluation cycles of oestrogen and progesterone replacement therapy as well during ovarian stimulation cycles. AC activity was determined by the conversion of substrate ATP into cyclic AMP under basal conditions and in the presence of guanine nucleotide or forskolin. G proteins were determined by Western Blot using specific polyclonal antibodies against Gsalpha, Gi1,2alpha and Gi3alpha. Our results indicate that endometrial AC was highly responsive to activation by both guanine nucleotide and forskolin and its rate of cyclic AMP production was highly pronounced. Mean activity reached 920 pmol/l/min/mg membrane protein in the presence of forskolin, a value approximately 5-fold higher than those detected in corpus luteum. Hormonal induction of AC activities increased Gsalpha protein, which couples with and stimulates the catalytic component of AC. We conclude that human endometrium is rich in AC and that enzyme activity is induced by oestrogen and progesterone treatment. These data strongly support the concept that the transmembrane signalling AC system and its messenger cyclic AMP are major regulators of endometrial function in the human.

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