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Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 1999 Oct;48(2):123-9.

Incidence and mechanism of creatine kinase-MB enzyme elevation after coronary intervention with different devices.

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1
Cardiac Catheterization of the Zena and Michael A. Wiener Cardiovascular Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, New York 10029, USA.

Abstract

The present study was conducted to evaluate the incidence of CK-MB elevation and to identify the possible mechanisms of CK-MB release after various coronary interventional devices. We prospectively studied 1,675 consecutive patients following various coronary interventions for CK-MB elevation, from January 1997 to February 1998 and followed them for in-hospital events. CK-MB elevation was detected in 313 patients (18.7%); with 1-3 x normal in 12.8%, 3-5 x normal in 3.5%, and >5 x normal in 2.4%. CK-MB elevation was more common after nonballoon devices (19.5% vs. 11.5% after balloon angioplasty; P < 0.01). Among the newer nonballoon devices, rotational atherectomy alone had a lower CK-MB elevation compared to stent-alone group (16.0% vs. 20.5%; P = 0.07). On univariate analysis, due to selective use of abciximab in high-risk coronary interventions, there was higher incidence of CK-MB elevation with abciximab (24.5% vs. 15.0% without abciximab; P < 0.01). Some kind of procedural complication was observed in 49% of the CK-MB elevation group, with side-branch closure being the most frequent (22.7%). In conclusion, CK-MB elevation is common after successful coronary interventions and is higher after nonballoon devices. Cathet. Cardiovasc. Intervent. 48:123-129, 1999.

PMID:
10506764
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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