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Genet Res. 1999 Aug;74(1):1-11.

Bacteriophage T4 resistance to lysis-inhibition collapse.

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Department of Microbiology, Ohio State University, Mansfield 44906, USA.


Lysis inhibition is a mechanism of latent-period extension and burst-size increase that is induced by the T4 bacteriophage adsorption of T4-infected cells. Mutants of T4 genes imm, sp and 5 (specifically the ts1 mutant of 5) display some lysis inhibition. However, these mutants experience lysis-inhibition collapse, the lysis of lysis-inhibited cells, earlier than wild-type-infected cells (i.e. their collapse occurs prematurely). Lysis from without is a lysis induced by excessive T4 adsorption. Gp5 is an inducer of lysis from without while gpimm and gpsp effect resistance to lysis from without. This paper shows that interfering with the adsorption of phages to imm-, sp- or 5ts1-mutant-infected cells, in a variety of contexts, inhibits premature lysis-inhibition collapse. From these data it is inferred that wild-type T4-infected cells display resistance to lysis-inhibition collapse by a mechanism resembling resistance to lysis from without.

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