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J Refract Surg. 1999 Sep-Oct;15(5):563-71.

Comparison of free-running vs. Q-switched Er:YAG laser photorefractive keratectomy (scanning mode) in swine eyes.

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1
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Ulm, Germany.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To examine morphology in plane and incisional corneal ablation (in vitro) induced by an Er:YAG laser (2.94 microm) in two modes: free-running and q-switched.

METHODS:

Sequences of different fluences in each mode were applied to freshly enucleated pig eyes. Parameters of free-running mode were: pulse length 50 micros, fluences 1.21 to 4.77 J/cm2, frequency 80 Hz, spot size 500 microm FWHM, hexagonal spot shape. Parameters of q-switched mode were: pulse length 200 ns, fluences 0.79 to 2.33 J/cm2, frequency 20 Hz, spot size 500 microm FWHM, round spot shape.

RESULTS:

Histology showed thermal damage of 10 to 25 microm in depth caused by the free-running mode compared with 4.5 to 7.5 microm by the q-switched mode. In both gross photography and scanning electron microscopic examination, the surface was more homogeneous and smoother in the q-switched mode.

CONCLUSIONS:

Depending on the different application modes, both laser systems could be used for a defined corneal ablation in photorefractive keratectomy. At present, results using the Er:YAG laser are not as favorable as with the excimer laser.

PMID:
10504081
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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