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Life Sci. 1999;65(11):1115-24.

Endocytosis of gentamicin in a proximal tubular renal cell line.

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Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Trieste, Italy.


The mechanisms by which aminoglycosides are accumulated in renal proximal tubular cells remain unclear. Adsorptive mediated endocytosis, via a common pathway for cationic proteins, or receptor endocytosis, mediated by the glycoprotein 330/megalin, have been proposed to be involved in gentamicin transport in renal cells. We used the LLC-PK1 cell line, derived from the pig proximal tubule, to explore further the regulation of gentamicin endocytosis in these cells and to determine the role of clathrin mediated endocytosis and G proteins in this function. Gentamicin endocytosis was strictly temperature dependent, whereas total uptake (endocytosis plus binding) did not significantly differ at 4 or 37 degrees C. Substances that suppress receptor mediated, clathrin dependent endocytosis, such as monensin, phenylarsine oxide and dansylcadaverine, or inhibit caveolae mediated endocytosis, such as nystatin, did not affect gentamicin entrance in LLC-PK1 cells. Among substances that disrupt the actin cytoskeleton, only cytochalasin D, that is active also on fluid phase endocytosis, significantly reduced the intracellular concentrations of the aminoglycoside. Other maneuvers that perturb clathrin dependent endocytosis without affecting clathrin independent pathway, such as acidification of cytosol or incubation in hypertonic medium, were also without effect. Mastoparan, a well known stimulator of heterotrimeric G proteins, strongly increased endocytosis of gentamicin, and the same effect was evident with two other G protein stimulators, aluminum fluoride and fluoride alone; however the effect seems not to be mediated by an activation of adenylyl cyclase. In conclusion, gentamicin endocytosis in LLC-PK1 cells is probably clathrin independent, limited by cytochalasin D, which interacts with cytoskeleton, and increased by substances like mastoparan and aluminum fluoride, which activate heterotrimeric G proteins.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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