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Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1999 Oct;21(4):521-7.

Type-specific induction of interleukin-8 by adenovirus.

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Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA.


Infection with adenovirus (Ad) causes acute pneumonia in a type-specific fashion because type 7 but not type 5 Ad has been isolated as a causative agent. We postulated that the type specificity of induction of pneumonia may be related to type-specific cytokine induction in lung cells. To test this hypothesis, we infected human fetal lung fibroblasts and the lung epithelial cell line A549 with live type 5 and type 7 Ad. Virus inactivated by irradiation was used as a control. Type 7 but not type 5 Ad induced interleukin (IL)-8 protein production in both cell types in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Inactivated virus had no effect on the production of IL-8 protein. Type 7 but not type 5 virus also stimulated IL-8-specific messenger RNA (mRNA) production in these cells. Because half-life of IL-8 mRNA was prolonged in both type 5- and type 7-infected A549 cells, induction likely involves enhancement of message stability as well as other effects. Virus early gene expression did not consistently correlate with IL-8 message induction and followed induction in fibroblasts. These results suggest that there is type-specific induction of IL-8 production during infection of lung cells with Ad. Induction involves message stabilization and may not require viral gene expression. Because IL-8 is one of the important mediators of lung inflammation, type-specific induction of this and other cytokines may account for the different consequences of lung infection with different types of Ad.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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