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Virology. 1999 Sep 30;262(2):312-20.

Molecular characterization of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 and -2 in individuals from guinea-bissau with single or dual infections: predominance of a distinct HIV-1 subtype A/G recombinant in West Africa.

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1
Tumor Biology Center, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

Guinea-Bissau in West Africa has the highest prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-2 infection in the world, but recently the HIV-1 prevalence increased rapidly with the subsequent appearance of HIV-1 and HIV-2 dual infections. Information about the genetic subtypes of HIV in the region is limited. Therefore, we characterized the env V3 region of HIV-1 and HIV-2 variants through direct DNA sequencing of peripheral blood mononuclear cell samples from 18 individuals with HIV-1 only and 9 individuals with dual infection. Phylogenetic analyses of these new sequences and database sequences from other West African countries showed that all HIV-1 and HIV-2 sequences from singly as well as dually infected individuals, except one, clustered among HIV-1 subtype A and HIV-2 subtype A, respectively. Importantly, a majority of the HIV-1 sequences from Guinea-Bissau and neighbouring countries were closely related with the isolates IbNG, DJ263, and DJ264, which share a common subtype A/G recombination pattern. Analysis of pol gene sequences from selected HIV-1 variants showed that "IbNG-like" viruses in Guinea-Bissau are also recombinant, indicating that the HIV-1 epidemic in Guinea-Bissau and neighbouring countries is dominated by an epidemic spread of a distinct subtype A/G recombinant, which is strikingly similar to the epidemic spread of a subtype A/E recombinant in Southeast Asia. Furthermore, the HIV-1 and HIV-2 variants carried by individuals with dual infection were intermixed with variants from singly infected individuals, indicating that variants involved in dual and single infections have common epidemiological histories.

PMID:
10502510
DOI:
10.1006/viro.1999.9867
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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