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J Neurochem. 1999 Oct;73(4):1510-9.

Insulin modulation of cloned mouse NMDA receptor currents in Xenopus oocytes.

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Department of Biological Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, 60607, USA.


Modulation of recombinant N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) currents by insulin was studied using the Xenopus oocyte expression system. Insulin (0.8 microM, 10 min) regulated NMDAR currents in a subunit-specific manner. Currents from epsilon1/zeta1, epsilon2/zeta1, and epsilon4/zeta1 receptors were variably potentiated, whereas currents from epsilon3/zeta1 receptors were not. Protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) and protein kinase C were found to be involved in insulin-mediated modulation in an NMDAR subtype-specific way. Pretreatment with a specific PTK inhibitor, lavendustin A, attenuated and blocked the insulin effect on epsilon2/zeta1 and epsilon4/zeta1, respectively. Preincubation with selective protein kinase C inhibitors, staurosporine or calphostin C, depressed the response of epsilon1/zeta1 and epsilon2/zeta1 receptors to insulin. Basal regulation of NMDAR currents by endogenous PTKs and protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) was also investigated. Of the four receptor subtypes, only epsilon1/zeta1 receptor currents were affected by basal PTK inhibition via lavendustin A, whereas PTP inhibition by phenylarsine oxide or orthovanadate enhanced currents from epsilon1/zeta1 and epsilon2/zeta1 receptors. Surprisingly, a stimulatory PTP modulation was observed for epsilon4/zeta1. As NMDAR subunits are differentially expressed in the brain, the observed subtype-specific modulations of NMDAR currents by insulin, PTKs, and PTPs may provide important insights into certain NMDAR-dependent physiological and pathological processes.

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