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Virus Res. 1999 Oct;64(1):33-42.

Analysis of cellular immune response in pigs recovered from porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome infection.

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Departamento de Patología Animal I. Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense, Av. Puerta de Hierro sn, 28040, Madrid, Spain.


The cellular immune response to a European isolate of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus in animals recovered from the experimental infection has been studied in vitro. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from these pigs proliferated specifically when they were stimulated with PRRS virus. This response was not detectable until 4 weeks after inoculation and remained for more than 3 months. Addition of blocking monoclonal antibodies to the cultures showed that this proliferation was mainly dependent on CD4(+) cells with the participation of SLA-class II molecules. T-cell cultures established by stimulating responding cells with PRRS virus and maintained in culture for up to 3 weeks showed an increase of CD8(+) CD4(+) and CD4(-) CD8(+) subsets within activated cells, gated according to their light scatter parameters, whereas CD4(+) CD8(-) cells declined along the time in culture. Within the activated cells, those expressing the TcR gammadelta receptor also increased, being most of them also positive for the CD8 marker. By RT-PCR, T-cells responding to the virus showed a Th1 type cytokine production pattern. During the culture period the cytotoxic activity against K-562 cells increased from 15 to 35% of specific lysis. This cellular immune response may play a relevant role in the clearance of PRRS virus and the recovery of the infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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