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Gastroenterology. 1999 Oct;117(4):770-5.

Molecular characterization and functional regulation of a novel rat liver-specific organic anion transporter rlst-1.

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  • 1Department of Neurophysiology, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Sendai, Ltd., Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Recently, we isolated a new complementary DNA (cDNA) encoding human liver-specific organic anion transporter (LST-1), representing the multispecificity of human liver. The aim of this study was to isolate a rat counterpart of human LST-1 and examine the expression regulation of its messenger RNA (mRNA) to clarify the molecular basis of cholestasis.

METHODS:

A rat liver cDNA library was screened with human LST-1 cDNA as a probe. Xenopus oocyte expression system was used for functional analysis. Northern blot analyses were performed using the isolated cDNA (termed rlst-1). The bile duct ligation model and the cecum ligation and puncture model were used for expression analyses.

RESULTS:

rlst-1 encodes 652 amino acids, predicting at least 11 transmembrane regions. The overall homology with human LST-1 was 60.2%, which is the highest among all known organic anion transporters. rlst-1 also belongs to the same new gene family as human LST-1, located between the organic anion transporter family and the prostaglandin transporter. rlst-1 preferably transports taurocholate (K(m), 9.45 micromol/L) in an Na(+)-independent manner. The rlst-1 mRNA is exclusively expressed in the liver. In both the bile duct ligation model and the cecum ligation and puncture model, mRNA expression levels of rlst-1 were down-regulated.

CONCLUSIONS:

rlst-1 is a counterpart of human LST-1 and is one of the important transporters in rat liver for the clearance of bile acid. The expression of rlst-1 may be under feedback regulation of cholestasis by biliary obstruction and/or sepsis.

PMID:
10500057
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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