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J Biol Chem. 1979 Feb 10;254(3):829-36.

Prostaglandin hydroperoxidase, an integral part of prostaglandin endoperoxide synthetase from bovine vesicular gland microsomes.


The highly purified prostaglandin endoperoxide synthetase from bovine vesicular gland microsomes had two still unresolved enzyme activities; the oxygenative cyclization of 8,11,14-eicosatrienoic acid to produce prostaglandin G1 and the conversion of the 15-hydro-peroxide of prostaglandin G1 to a 15-hydroxyl group, producing prostaglandin H1. The latter enzymatic reaction required heme and was stimulated by a variety of compounds, including tryptophan, epinephrine, and guaiacol, but not by glutathione. A peroxidatic dehydrogenation was demonstrated with epinephrine or guaiacol in the presence of various hydroperoxides, including hydrogen peroxide and prostaglandin G1. Higher activity and affinity were observed with the 15-hydroperoxide of eicosapolyenoic acid, especially those with the prostaglandin structure. Both the dehydrogenation of epinephrine or guaiacol and the 15-hydroperoxide reduction of prostaglandin G1 were demonstrated in nearly stoichiometric quantities. With tryptophan, however, such a stoichiometric transformation was not observed. The peroxidase activity as followed with guaiacol and hydrogen peroxide and the tryptophan-stimulated conversion of prostaglandin G1 to H1 were not dissociable as examined by isoelectric focusing, heat treatment, pH profile, and heme specificity. The results suggest that the peroxidase with a broad substrate specificity is an integral part of prostaglandin endoperoxide synthetase which is responsible for the conversion of prostaglandin G1 to H1.

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