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J Biochem. 1979 Jan;85(1):7-19.

Biochemical properties of a new flexuous bacteriocin, pyocin F1, produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa.


Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain P15 produces not only pyocin R1 and phage PS10, but also a substance having a flexuous rod structure, the nature of which is so far unknown. A variant strain (P15--40) was obtained which produced these flexuous particles more effectively than the original strain, and the particles were purified to homogeneity and investigated. Several strains of P. aeruginosa were found to be killed by the particles. It was concluded that the flexuous rod-like particles are not related to pyocin R1 or phage PS10, but represent a new pyocin, which we have designated as pyocin F1. Pyocin F1 showed a different action spectrum and a different pattern on SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis from either pyocin R1 or phage PS10. The killing activity of pyocin F1 was of single-hit type. The activity was not affected by anti-R1, anti-R1-core or anti-PS10, or by DNase, RNase, pronase or trypsin, but was completely destroyed by treatment at 70 degrees C for 10 min. Some cofactor was required for the adsorption of this pyocin on sensitive bacteria. Another flexuous bacteriocin was also found and named pyocin F2.

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