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Phys Ther. 1999 Oct;79(10):906-18.

Analysis of the relationship between the utilization of physical therapy services and outcomes for patients with acute stroke.

Author information

1
Division of Physical Therapy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB #7135, Medical School Wing E, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7135, USA. jfreburger@css.inc.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Little research has been conducted on the outcomes of care for people who have had a stroke. In this study, the relationship between physical therapy utilization and outcomes of care for patients with acute stroke was examined.

SUBJECTS:

The sample consisted of 6,342 patients treated in US academic health center hospitals in 1996 who survived their inpatient stay and received physical therapy.

METHODS:

The primary data source was the University HealthSystem Consortium Clinical Data Base. Physical therapy use was assessed by examining physical therapy charges. Outcomes of care were assessed in terms of the total cost of care (ie, whether the cost of care was more costly or less costly than expected, taking into account patient characteristics) and in terms of discharge destination (ie, whether the patient was discharged home or elsewhere). Regression analyses were conducted to examine the relationship between physical therapy use and outcomes.

RESULTS:

Physical therapy use was directly related to a total cost of care that was less than expected and to an increased probability of discharge home.

CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION:

The results of this study provide preliminary evidence to support the use of physical therapy in the acute care of patients with strokes and indicate the need for further study of this topic.

PMID:
10498968
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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