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Br J Pharmacol. 1999 Sep;128(1):108-18.

Inhibition of heterologously expressed cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator Cl- channels by non-sulphonylurea hypoglycaemic agents.

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Human Genetics Unit, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Molecular Medicine Centre, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh EH4 2XU.


1. Hypoglycaemia-inducing sulphonylureas, such as glibenclamide, inhibit cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) Cl- channels. In search of modulators of CFTR, we investigated the effects of the non-sulphonylurea hypoglycaemic agents meglitinide, repaglinide, and mitiglinide (KAD-1229) on CFTR Cl- channels in excised inside-out membrane patches from C127 cells expressing wild-type human CFTR. 2. When added to the intracellular solution, meglitinide and mitiglinide inhibited CFTR Cl- currents with half-maximal concentrations of 164+/-19 microM and 148+/-36 microM, respectively. However, repaglinide only weakly inhibited CFTR Cl- currents. 3. To understand better how non-sulphonylurea hypoglycaemic agents inhibit CFTR, we studied single channels. Channel blockade by both meglitinide and mitiglinide was characterized by flickery closures and a significant decrease in open probability (Po). In contrast, repaglinide was without effect on either channel gating or Po, but caused a small decrease in single-channel current amplitude. 4. Analysis of the dwell time distributions of single channels indicated that both meglitinide and mitiglinide greatly decreased the open time of CFTR. Mitiglinide-induced channel closures were about 3-fold longer than those of meglitinide. 5. Inhibition of CFTR by meglitinide and mitiglinide was voltage-dependent: at positive voltages channel blockade was relieved. 6. The data demonstrate that non-sulphonylurea hypoglycaemic agents inhibit CFTR. This indicates that these agents have a wider specificity of action than previously recognized. Like glibenclamide, non-sulphonylurea hypoglycaemic agents may inhibit CFTR by occluding the channel pore and preventing Cl- permeation.

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