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J Biol Chem. 1999 Oct 1;274(40):28537-41.

Phospholipase C-delta1 contains a functional nuclear export signal sequence.

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Department of Life Science, Faculty of Science, Himeji Institute of Technology, Harima Science Garden City, Hyogo 678-1297, Japan.


We have previously observed, using a green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion system, that PLC-delta1 is localized mainly at the plasma membrane and in the cytosol, whereas little is present in the nucleus in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells (Fujii, M., Ohtsubo, M., Ogawa, T., Kamata, H., Hirata, H., and Yagisawa, H. (1999) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 254, 284-291). Herein, we demonstrate that PLC-delta1 has a functional nuclear export signal (NES) sequence in amino acid residues 164-177 of the EF-hand domain. The fluorescence of NES-disrupted GFP/PLC-delta1 expressed in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells was present not only at the plasma membrane and in the cytosol but also in the nucleus. Moreover, treatment with leptomycin B, a specific inhibitor of NES-dependent nuclear export, resulted in the accumulation of GFP/PLC-delta1 in the nucleus. A site-directed mutant containing a pleckstrin homology domain, which does not bind inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate and cannot hydrolyze phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate in vitro, accumulated in the nucleus to a much greater extent than wild-type GFP/PLC-delta1 after treatment with leptomycin B. These results suggest that PLC-delta1 is shuttled between the cytoplasm and the nucleus; its nuclear export is dependent on the leucine-rich NES sequence and its active nuclear import is regulated by an unidentified signal(s).

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