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J Vasc Interv Radiol. 1999 Sep;10(8):1025-31.

Modified use of the arrow-trerotola percutaneous thrombolytic device for the treatment of thrombosed hemodialysis access grafts.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To assess the safety and efficacy of using the Arrow-Trerotola percutaneous thrombolytic device (PTD) as the sole means of mechanical thrombolysis in hemodialysis access grafts, including in situ treatment of the arterial plug.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Fifty consecutive patients (22 women, 28 men; mean age, 58 years; mean graft age, 29 months), in whom mechanical thrombolysis of a thrombosed hemodialysis access graft using the PTD was planned, were included in the study. In all patients, the PTD was used to treat the arterial plug in situ at the arterial anastomosis, instead of using a Fogarty catheter to reposition the plug, as indicated in the PTD product labeling. Prospective data collection included demographic information, technical details of the procedure, immediate outcomes, and complications. Patients were followed for 3 months using definitions and data forms that were identical to those used in the original clinical trial of the PTD. A sample of procedures drawn from the PTD clinical trial database (n = 54) served as control.

RESULTS:

Immediate technical patency was 100%. Complications included arterial embolization (6% versus 2% control; P = NS; all successfully treated with backbleeding); venous rupture (6% versus 2% control; P = NS); and sepsis (n = 1), probably due to occult graft infection. Adjunctive therapy with an Adherent Clot catheter was needed in two procedures (4%). Three month patency using life-table analysis was 42% (versus 39% control; P = NS). The number of subsequent interventions (surgical/percutaneous) to the arterial limb of the graft did not differ from the PTD trial, and no native arterial stenoses were detected during the follow-up period.

CONCLUSIONS:

The PTD is safe and effective when used as the sole means of mechanical thrombolysis of hemodialysis grafts. Treating the arterial plug in situ with the PTD eliminates the need for a Fogarty or Adherent Clot catheter in 96% of procedures. A slight increase in arterial embolic complications was observed but these were easily treated with backbleeding.

PMID:
10496703
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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