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Int J Antimicrob Agents. 1999 Aug;12(4):293-9.

Antiviral activity of enterocin CRL35 against herpesviruses.

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Departamento de Química Biológica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, Argentina.


Enterocin CRL35 is an antibacterial polypeptide of 3.5 x 10(3) Da produced by Enterococcus faecium CRL35. A series of experiments are described that show the enterocin also had antiviral activity against thymidine-kinase positive (tk+) and deficient (tk-) strains of herpes simplex (HSV) type 1 and 2 in Vero and BHK-21 cells. This activity was observed at 100 microg/ml, 15-fold lower than the cytotoxic concentration. In both cell lines there was a 2 log inhibition of infectivity. The compound inhibited viral multiplication in a dose-dependent manner and had no virucidal effect. Enterocin CRL35 also inhibited the virion-associated host shutoff in infected Vero cells showing that intracellular viral multiplication was affected.

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