Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Cancer. 1999 Sep 15;86(6):1028-34.

Parathyroid hormone-related protein is an independent prognostic factor for renal cell carcinoma.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Kanagawa, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) has been shown to be the principal cause of humoral hypercalcemia associated with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Recent studies have demonstrated that the amino-terminal region of PTHrP has growth factor-like activities, suggesting it may play a role in the development of RCC. In this study, expression of the carboxy-terminal region of PTHrP was assessed immunohistochemically and its significance in predicting the prognosis of RCC was studied.

METHODS:

Forty radical nephrectomy specimens were immunostained with a murine monoclonal antibody (9H7) against the carboxy-terminal region (amino acids 109-141) of PTHrP using the streptavidin-peroxidase enzyme conjugate method. Staining intensity was evaluated semiquantitatively and compared with clinicopathologic features of the corresponding RCC.

RESULTS:

Immunoreactivity to 9H7 was observed to be localized to the cytosol of tumor cells at various staining intensities. There were 30 cases (75.0%) with strong staining and 10 cases (25.0%) in which staining was weak or nonexistent. Staining intensity showed no significant correlation with gender, tumor greatest dimension, stage, or grade. Tumors of the clear cell type expressed PTHrP to a significantly greater extent than tumors of the granular cell type. Tumor recurrence was significantly greater in the weakly stained or unstained group compared with the strongly stained group (P = 0.035). Multivariate analysis indicated that PTHrP expression and tumor stage were equally significant prognostic indicators in RCCs measuring <10 cm in greatest dimension.

CONCLUSIONS:

Evident PTHrP(109-141) expression is present in the majority of RCCs. The results of the current study indicate PTHrP(109-141) may be a possible marker of cellular differentiation and may be useful for predicting recurrence free survival in RCC patients after radical nephrectomy.

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center