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Free Radic Biol Med. 1999 Sep;27(5-6):554-9.

Superoxide release from interleukin-1B-stimulated human vascular cells: in situ electrochemical measurement.

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Département de Pharmacologie, UMR 8604, Université René Descartes, Faculté de Médecine Necker, Paris, France.


Release of superoxide anion by cultured vascular cells was investigated with the use of selective microelectrodes. Local concentration of superoxide anion (O2*-) was followed by differential pulse amperometry on a carbon microfiber at 0.1 V/SCE. The oxidation current allows O2*- detection in the 10(-8) M concentration range without interference of the other major oxygen species. Interleukin-1beta-stimulated O2*- release that progressively increased to reach local concentrations at the cell membrane level of 76 +/- 11 nm 40-60 min after stimulation in human cord vein endothelial cells, and 131 +/- 18 nm 1-2 h after stimulation in internal mammary artery smooth muscle cells. In the two types of cells, the O2*- oxidation signal was suppressed in the presence of superoxide dismutase. Spontaneous O2*-release from unstimulated cells was undetectable. These results demonstrate that selective microelectrodes allow direct and real-time monitoring of local O2*- released from vascular endothelial as well as from smooth muscle cells submitted to an inflammatory stimulus.

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