Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Free Radic Biol Med. 1999 Sep;27(5-6):493-503.

Tempol reduces infarct size in rodent models of regional myocardial ischemia and reperfusion.

Author information

1
The William Harvey Research Institute, St. Bartholomew's and The Royal London School of Medicine and Dentistry, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) contribute to ischemia-reperfusion injury of the heart. This study investigates the effects of tempol, a membrane-permeable radical scavenger on (i) the infarct size caused by regional myocardial ischemia and reperfusion of the heart in vivo (rat, rabbit) and in vitro (rat), and (ii) the cell injury caused by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in rat cardiac myoblasts (H9c2 cells). In the anesthetized rat, tempol reduced the infarct size caused by regional myocardial ischemia (25 min) and reperfusion (2 h) from 60 +/- 3% (control, n = 8) to 24 +/- 5% (n = 6, p < .05). In the anesthetized rabbit, tempol also attenuated the infarct size caused by myocardial ischemia (45 min) and reperfusion (2 h) from 59 +/- 3% (control, n = 6) to 39 +/- 5% (n = 5, p < .05). Regional ischemia (35 min) and reperfusion (2 h) of the isolated, buffer-perfused heart of the rat resulted in an infarct size of 54 +/- 4% (control n = 7). Reperfusion of hearts with buffer containing tempol (n = 6) caused a 37% reduction in infarct size (n = 6, p < .05). Pretreatment of rat cardiac myoblasts with tempol attenuated the impairment in mitochondrial respiration caused by H2O2 (1 mM for 4 h). Thus, the membrane-permeable radical scavenger tempol reduces myocardial infarct size in rodents.

PMID:
10490268
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center