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Free Radic Biol Med. 1999 Sep;27(5-6):487-92.

Degradation of hypochlorite-damaged glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase by the 20S proteasome.

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Clinics of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Medical Faculty (Charité), Humboldt University Berlin, Germany.


Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) was treated with various concentrations of hypochlorite, which is produced by myeloperoxidase and is one of the most important oxidants during inflammatory processes. Inhibition of enzymatic activity, protein fragmentation, and proteolytic susceptibility toward the isolated 20S proteasome of G6PD were investigated. With rising hypochlorite concentrations, an increased proteasomal degradation of G6PD was measured. This occurred at higher hypochlorite concentrations than G6PD inactivation and at lower levels than G6PD fragmentation. The proteolytic activities of the 20S proteasome itself was determined by degradation of oxidized model proteins and cleavage of the synthetic proteasome substrate suc-LLVY-MCA. Proteasome activities remained intact at hypochlorite concentrations in which G6PD is maximally susceptible to proteasomal degradation. Only higher hypochlorite concentrations could decrease the proteolytic activities of the proteasome, which was accompanied by disintegration and fragmentation of the proteasome and proteasome subunits. Therefore, we conclude that the 20S proteasome can degrade proteins moderately damaged by hypochlorite and could contribute to an increased protein turnover in cells exposed to inflammatory stress.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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