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Am J Physiol. 1999 Sep;277(3 Pt 2):F360-8.

Cyclooxygenase-2 expression and function in the medullary thick ascending limb.

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Department of Pharmacology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York 10595, USA.


The medullary thick ascending limb (MTAL) metabolizes arachidonic acid (AA) via cytochrome P-450 (CyP450)- and cyclooxygenase (COX)-dependent pathways. In the present study, we demonstrated that the COX-2-selective inhibitor, NS-398, prevented tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF)- and phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)-mediated increases in PGE(2) production by cultured MTAL cells. Accumulation of COX-2, but not COX-1, mRNA increased when cells were challenged with TNF (1 nM) or PMA (1 microM). Pretreatment of cells for 30 min with actinomycin D (AcD, 1 microM) had little effect on COX-2 mRNA accumulation in unstimulated cells or in cells challenged with either TNF or PMA. Moreover, a posttranscriptional mechanism(s) appears to contribute significantly to COX-2 mRNA accumulation as pretreatment for 15 min with cycloheximide (CHX, 1 microM) caused a superinduction of COX-2 mRNA accumulation in unstimulated cells as well as in cells challenged with either TNF or PMA. Expression of COX-2 protein in unstimulated MTAL cells was attenuated by preincubation for 2 h with dexamethasone (Dex, 2 microM); however, Dex had little or no effect on COX-2 expression in cells challenged with either PMA or TNF. The time-dependent inhibition of 86Rb uptake by MTAL cells challenged with TNF was diminished by pretreating cells with NS-398. These data suggest that TNF-mediated induction of COX-2 protein expression accounted for the lag-time required for this cytokine to inhibit 86Rb uptake in MTAL cells.

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