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Brain Res. 1999 Aug 21;839(1):199-202.

5-(N-Ethyl-N-isopropyl)-amiloride, an Na(+)-H(+) exchange inhibitor, protects gerbil hippocampal neurons from ischemic injury.

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Department of Physiology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, 540 E. Canfield Ave., Detroit, MI 48201, USA.


The effect of the selective Na(+)/H(+) antiporter inhibitor 5-(N-ethyl-N-isopropyl)-amiloride (EIPA) on cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury was evaluated in the Mongolian gerbil. Ischemia was induced in unanaesthetized gerbils by a 5-min period of bilateral common carotid artery occlusion followed by reperfusion for 6 days. Two groups of gerbils were injected intraperitoneally with either dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO; 10 microl) or EIPA (5 mg/kg in 10 microl DMSO) 30 min prior to ischemia. The increase in locomotor activity in the EIPA-treated group was significantly less than that of the control group at both 24 h and 6-day post-ischemia. The extent of CA1 pyramidal neuron loss was significantly reduced in the EIPA-treated group in comparison with that of DMSO treated controls. These results suggest that EIPA can protect cerebral neurons from ischemia/reperfusion injury and implicates acidosis and Na(+)/H(+) exchange as a causative factor in such injury.

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