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Plant Physiol. 1999 Sep;121(1):253-62.

Sulfate is both a substrate and an activator of the voltage-dependent anion channel of Arabidopsis hypocotyl cells.

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  • 1Institut des Sciences Végétales, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Unité Propre de Recherche 40, Avenue de la Terrasse, 91198 Gif sur Yvette cedex, France. frachisse@isv.cnrs-gif.fr

Abstract

On the basis of the anion content of in vitro-cultured Arabidopsis plantlets, we explored the selectivity of the voltage-dependent anion channel of the plasma membrane of hypocotyl cells. In the whole-cell configuration, substitution of cytosolic Cl(-) by different anions led to the following sequence of relative permeabilities: NO(3)(-) (2.6) >/= SO(4)(2-) (2.0) > Cl(-) (1.0) > HCO(3)(-) (0.8) >> malate(2-) (0.03). Large whole-cell currents were measured for NO(3)(-) and SO(4)(2-), about five to six times higher than the equivalent Cl(-) currents. Since SO(4)(2-) is usually considered to be a weakly permeant or non-permeant ion, the components of the large whole-cell current were explored in more detail. Aside from its permeation through the channel with a unitary conductance, about two-thirds that of Cl(-), SO(4)(2-) had a regulatory effect on channel activity by preventing the run-down of the anion current both in the whole-cell and the outside-out configuration, increasing markedly the whole-cell current. The fact that the voltage-dependent plasma membrane anion channel of hypocotyl cells can mediate large NO(3)(-) and SO(4)(2-) currents and is regulated by nucleotides favors the idea that this anion channel can contribute to the cellular homeostasis of important metabolized anions.

PMID:
10482681
PMCID:
PMC59375
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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