Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Bacteriol. 1999 Sep;181(18):5750-7.

Distribution of tetrahydromethanopterin-dependent enzymes in methylotrophic bacteria and phylogeny of methenyl tetrahydromethanopterin cyclohydrolases.

Author information

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA.

Abstract

The methylotrophic proteobacterium Methylobacterium extorquens AM1 possesses tetrahydromethanopterin (H(4)MPT)-dependent enzymes, which are otherwise specific to methanogenic and sulfate-reducing archaea and which have been suggested to be involved in formaldehyde oxidation to CO(2) in M. extorquens AM1. The distribution of H(4)MPT-dependent enzyme activities in cell extracts of methylotrophic bacteria from 13 different genera are reported. H(4)MPT-dependent activities were detected in all of the methylotrophic and methanotrophic proteobacteria tested that assimilate formaldehyde by the serine or ribulose monophosphate pathway. H(4)MPT-dependent activities were also found in autotrophic Xanthobacter strains. However, no H(4)MPT-dependent enzyme activities could be detected in other autotrophic alpha-proteobacteria or in gram-positive methylotrophic bacteria. Genes encoding methenyl H(4)MPT cyclohydrolase (mch genes) were cloned and sequenced from several proteobacteria. Bacterial and archaeal Mch sequences have roughly 35% amino acid identity and form distinct groups in phylogenetic analysis.

PMID:
10482517
PMCID:
PMC94096
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center