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J Bacteriol. 1999 Sep;181(18):5693-700.

Involvement of the cis/trans isomerase Cti in solvent resistance of Pseudomonas putida DOT-T1E.

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Department of Plant Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Estacion Experimental del Zaidin, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, E-18008 Granada, Spain.


Pseudomonas putida DOT-T1E is a solvent-resistant strain that is able to grow in the presence of high concentrations of toluene. We have cloned and sequenced the cti gene of this strain, which encodes the cis/trans isomerase, termed Cti, that catalyzes the cis-trans isomerization of esterified fatty acids in phospholipids, mainly cis-oleic acid (C(16:1,9)) and cis-vaccenic acid (C(18:1,11)), in response to solvents. To determine the importance of this cis/trans isomerase for solvent resistance a Cti-null mutant was generated and characterized. This mutant showed a longer lag phase when grown with toluene in the vapor phase; however, after the lag phase the growth rate of the mutant strain was similar to that of the wild type. The mutant also showed a significantly lower survival rate when shocked with 0.08% (vol/vol) toluene. In contrast to the wild-type strain, which grew in liquid culture medium at temperatures up to 38.5 degrees C, the Cti-null mutant strain grew significantly slower at temperatures above 37 degrees C. An in-frame fusion of the Cti protein with the periplasmic alkaline phosphatase suggests that this constitutively expressed enzyme is located in the periplasm. Primer extension studies confirmed the constitutive expression of Cti. Southern blot analysis of total DNA from various pseudomonads showed that the cti gene is present in all the tested P. putida strains, including non-solvent-resistant ones, and in some other Pseudomonas species.

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