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Curr Opin Lipidol. 1999 Aug;10(4):295-302.

Hepatocellular transport and secretion of biliary lipids.

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Department of Medicine, Marion Bessin Liver Research Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, USA.


Bile is the route for elimination of cholesterol from the body. Recent studies have begun to elucidate hepatocellular, molecular and physical-chemical mechanisms whereby bile salts stimulate biliary secretion of cholesterol together with phospholipids, which are enriched (up to 95%) in phosphatidylcholines. Active translocation of bile salts and phosphatidylcholines across the hepatocyte's canalicular plasma membrane provides the driving force for biliary lipid secretion. This facilitates physical-chemical interactions between detergent-like bile salt molecules and the ectoplasmic leaflet of the canalicular membrane, which result in biliary secretion of cholesterol and phosphatidylcholines as vesicles. Within the hepatocyte, separate molecular pathways function to resupply bile salts, phosphatidylcholines and cholesterol to the canalicular membrane for ongoing biliary lipid secretion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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