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Exp Hematol. 1999 Sep;27(9):1428-39.

Role of CD95/Fas and its ligand in the regulation of the growth of human CD34(++)CD38(-) fetal liver cells.

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The Fetal Treatment Center Research Laboratory, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0570, USA.


The functional significance of CD95/Fas expressed by candidate hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) from human fetal liver was studied by testing the effect of agonistic anti-CD95 monoclonal antibody (mAb) CH-11 and soluble CD95 ligand (sCD95L) on the growth of CD34(++)CD38(-)lineage cells in vitro. Candidate fetal HSCs exhibited a dose-dependent proliferative response to CH-11 as well as to sCD95L when combined with kit ligand (KL) + interleukin 3 (IL-3) under serum-deprived culture conditions. CH-11 mAb increased, in a synergistic fashion, the number of myeloid colony-forming unit culture (CFU-C) generated by candidate HSCs in liquid cultures with the cytokine combinations KL + IL-3, KL + granulocytemacrophage colony-stimulating factor, and KL + IL-6. CH-11 mAb and sCD95L also enhanced erythropoiesis supported by KL + IL-3 + erythropoietin (Epo). Furthermore, sCD95L was able to increase the number of megakaryocytes, granulocytes, and CD34- cells generated in the presence of KL + IL-3 + Epo + thrombopoietin. An analysis performed using Western blotting revealed that the membrane-bound CD95L (mCD95L) was expressed by both immature (total CD34+/++) and mature (CD34-) hematopoietic lin(-) FL cells. Among the CD34(++)lin(-)cells, both the freshly isolated CD38+ and CD38 subsets as well as CD95+ and CD95- cells constitutively expressed mCD95L, demonstrating that the CD95/CD95L system represents a paracrine and potentially autocrine regulator of early hematopoiesis. To study the role of the endogenously produced CD95L, we determined the effects of a neutralizing anti-CD95L NOK-1 on the growth of candidate HSCs. By blocking the endogenous CD95L with NOK-1 mAb, we observed an increase in CFU-C generated by candidate HSCs. We conclude that the endogenous CD95L has an inhibitory effect on fetal candidate HSCs, which can be blocked by sCD95L and CH-11 mAb.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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