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Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 1999 Sep;18(3):235-9.

Vascular injuries of the limbs: a fifteen-year Georgian experience.

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1
Central Railway Clinical Hospital, Tbilisi, Georgia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

to analyse the causes of injury, surgical approaches, outcome and complication of vascular trauma of the upper and lower limbs in patients with vascular injuries operated on over a period between 1981 and 1995.

PATIENTS:

in 157 patients, the injuries were penetrating in 136 cases and blunt in 21. Isolated vascular trauma was present in 92 (58.6%) patients, 65 cases (41.4%) were aggrevated by concomitant bone fractures, severe nerve and soft tissue damage. The most frequently injured vessels were the superficial femoral (20. 6%) and brachial (19.1%) arteries.

RESULTS:

saphenous vein interposition grafting was applied with good results in 34 patients, polytetrafluoroethylene grafts were used in three cases, end-to-end anastomoses in 42 cases, venous bypasses in five cases, and venous patches in seven cases. Seventeen patients underwent arterial repair and nine, venous repair. Fasciotomy was used in 18 cases, and vessels were ligated in 14 cases. Blood flow was restored in 91 patients (58.0%), and collaterals compensated in 31 cases (19.7%). Fourteen primary and nine secondary amputations were performed. Twelve patients died. The limb salvage rate was 77.7% (84.1% among surviving patients).

CONCLUSIONS:

most vascular injuries associated with limb trauma can be managed successfully unless associated by severe concomitant damage to bones, nerves and soft tissues.

PMID:
10479630
DOI:
10.1053/ejvs.1999.0857
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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